Relationship Between Principal with Agent, Sub-Agent and Substituted Agent

The talk of this lecture is to understand the cordial relationship between principal with agent and others under Indian Contract Law, 1872.

The expert further elucidates that the rationale behind this convention is to dispense the job to a mercantile agent so that dealings become more profitable for principal due to marketing as well as other skills of agent.

The expert added that it is very important for agent to control the powers which are assigned to him because the contract of agency is based on confidence and trust.

Anti-Defection Law

The talk of this lecture is to understand the Tenth Schedule of the Indian Constitution popularly known as Anti-Defection Law.

         The expert saidthat this law (Anti-Defection Law) was brought in as a Constitutional Amendment in 1985 in response to public anger against defections because the evil of political defection had become a matter of national concern and if it was not checked, it could very well demoralize incredibly the foundation of India’s democracy and the principles which sustain the same.

Elements of Crime

The programme is about what constitutes a crime and its various elements in legal parlance.

Subject expert begins the programme by discussing what constitutes a crime. The expert further with the help of relevant examples discusses the four elements that go to constitute a crime viz human being, guilty intention, illegal act or omission and injury to another human being.

Amendment of Constitution

In this lecture the expert talks about how the amendments took place in the Indian constitution.

The expert further elucidates that Article 368 has the power to amend the Constitution and procedure for its amendment.

The expert added that the Amendment of constitution is the method or process of making changes to the fundamental law of the land or amendment is such a process which mould or alter the provisions of the constitution.


Restraint on the liberty of a person is an offence. It may be either wrongful restraint or wrongful confinement. In the former a person is prevented from proceeding in any direction in which that person has right to proceed while in the latter a person is prevented from proceeding beyond certain circumscribing limits.

False imprisonment is a that form of confinement which consists of imposition of a total restraint, upon the liberty of another for some period howsoever short, without sufficient lawful justification.

Forgery Under Indian Penal Code

In this lecture the expert talks about the Forgery under Indian Penal Code. The expert further elucidates that Forgery is the process of making adapting, or imitating objects, statistics, or document with the intent to deceive.

The expert added that the offence of Forgery traces its origin with the invention of writing and the custom of preserving written documents and material.

Separation of Powers

In this lecture the expert talks about the concept of Separation of powers. The expert further elucidates that Separation of powers is a plausible constitutional doctrine but as a matter of practice a complete separation is never possible.

According to theory of separation of powers, The expert said that the powers and functions of the government in a democracy always be kept free & separate and be exercised by three separate organs of the government

Introduction to Law of Torts

The programme is about Law of Torts. Subject Expert begins the programme by giving several definitions of Tort. Further expert discusses the Tort as a civil wrong with the help of relevant examples. Towards the end of the programme expert discusses the concept of Tort and Law it is distinguished from crime. The expert also discusses the differences between Tort and Quasi-contract.


Rousseau, an educationist was among the pioneers who brought extraordinary change in social and political structure of many countries through his sound educational ideas. In fact, his thought-provoking ideas such as liberty, equality and fraternity, leads to modification of political sociological tendency in education.

Noting and Protest

The Negotiable Instruments Act was enacted, in India, in 1881. Prior to its enactment, the provision of the English Negotiable Instrument Act was applicable in India, and the present Act is also based on the English Act with certain modifications. It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Act operates subject to the provisions of Sections 31 and 32 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. Expert discusses the various facets of noting and protest. The discussion also evaluates the conditions pre requisite for filing protest under reasonable time.


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